The Pew US Religious Landscape survey suggests blacks are more likely than other groups to self-describe as conservative while still voting Democratic. The GSS allows racial groups to be looked at directly instead of just by proxy. The following table shows the proportion of a group's members who are politically conservative relative to the percentage who are Republicans. If 9 are conservative and 10 are Republican, it is displayed as 90 (9/10, multiplied by 100 for ease of viewing). The 1.5% of respondents who indicated membership to a third party are excluded, since specifics on which party are not given. To insure contemporary relevance, results are from 2000 to 2008:
|All Native Americans||184.0|
* Religious = Attending a place of worship at least once a week
** Educated = 16+ years of education
^ Irreligious = Attending a place of worship once per year at most
^^ Uneducated = 12 years of education at most
The percentages serve as a good gauge for social conservatism paired with support for redistributionist policies and special privileges for the disadvantaged--think of the values as anti-libertarian scores.
Face validity is apparent. The value for all blacks from the GSS is virtually identical to the value for those who claimed affiliation to historically black churches in the Pew survey (347.1% and 350.0%, respectively). Men tend to be more libertarian-leaning than women are among non-whites, while among whites there is little gender disparity. Jews and Asians are not only similar in educational and economic attainment, but politically as well.
The racial 'hierarchy' is not surprising. Notice, though, that race trumps education, gender, or religiosity in political orientation and partisan identification. Blacks of all stripes are disproportionately socially conservative Democrats. Whites across the board are more libertarian in their outlook than non-whites are. Hispanics fall in between, along with Native Americans and Pacific Islanders. Asians and Jews are as well, although they are nearer to whites than Hispanics are.
Frequency of attendance at places of worship better predicts conservatism than it does propensity to vote for the GOP.
Interestingly, higher educational attainment is associated with a stronger libertarian bent among whites while the opposite is the case among blacks. Put in another way, blacks with modest levels of education (high school or less) are more conservative than college-educated blacks are. For whites, the opposite is true. (That the value for all blacks and all Hispanics does not sit in between the values for educated and uneducated blacks and Hispanics, respectively, is a result of slightly different respondent pools and also the exclusion of the 13-15 years of education contingents).
GSS variables used: YEAR(2000-2008), RACECEN1(1)(2)(4-10)(11-14)(15-16), JEW(1-4), ATTEND, SEX(1)(2), EDUC(1-12)(16-20), POLVIEWS, PARTYID(0-6)