A south Los Angeles Latino street gang targeted African-American gang rivals and other blacks in a campaign of neighborhood "cleansing," federal prosecutors say. Alleged leaders and foot soldiers in the Hispanic gang Florencia 13, also called F13, are being arraigned this week on charges stemming from a pair of federal indictments that allege that the gang kept a tight grip on its turf by shooting members of a rival gang—and sometimes random black civilians. The "most disturbing aspect" of the federal charges was that "innocent citizens … ended up being shot simply because of the color of their skin," U.S. Attorney Thomas O'Brien told reporters in announcing the indictments.Thought tribalism had died out in the West? Like tuberculosis, it's returning. The pervasiveness of gangs had similarly taken a downward slide since the early nineties, paralleling growth in the nation's prison population.
Half of all Los Angelenos are Hispanic, and their numbers are growing. Only 11% are black. It's a losing proposition for the old Crips and Bloods (I've heard from multiple people that the two rival gangs are uniting in some cities, but I've not seen anything definitive. If anyone has, please make it known in the comments).
Those who think to themselves that Hispanic thugs are 'better' than black thugs, consider that the black underclass is not being replaced in some sort of man-for-man swap as a consequence of the hasty rise in Hispanic prison gangs. Instead, black gangs are continuing to exist tenuously in separate neighborhoods in the same cities as Hispanic gangs (ie Hispanic gangs in northwest Dallas and black gangs on the city's south side), or have moved to new cities, especially in the midwest (keeping in mind that the information on street gangs is rarely precise):
These findings are echoed in a 1996 study of 99 gang members in St. Louis (Decker and Van Winkle, 1996). A minority (16 percent) of those interviewed suggested that gangs reemerged in St. Louis, MO, through the efforts of gang members from Los Angeles. Several of these migrants had relocated for social reasons, such as visiting relatives. The study also found that St. Louis gangs were more likely to originate as a result of neighborhood conflicts influenced by popular culture rather than from big-city connections. ...After three centuries, we've still not been able to assimilate blacks into the mainstream European-American social and economic cultures. We should keep this in mind in the face of an entirely new major demographic element being added to the mix.
Another study on gang migration in 1996 surveyed 752 jurisdictions in Illinois (Knox et al., 1996). (Because only 38 percent of the law enforcement agencies responded, these findings should be interpreted cautiously.) The majority of respondents (88 percent) reported that gangs from outside their area had established an influence, that one-fifth or more of their local gang population was attributable to recent arrivals (49 percent), that parental relocation of gang members served to transplant the gang problem to the area (65 percent), and that some of their gang problem was due to gang migration (69 percent). The study concluded that, while the impact of migration varies, "it is still of considerable interest to the law enforcement community" (Knox et al., 1996:78).